International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) is the original Taekwondo organisation founded on March 22, 1966, by General Choi Hong Hi (최홍희) in Seoul, South Korea.The ITF exists to promote and encourage the growth of the Korean martial art of Taekwondo.
Choi stated he combined elements of taekkyeon and Shotokan karate to develop a martial art that he called "Taekwon-Do" (태권도; 跆拳道), which means "foot, hand, the way" or "the way of hand and foot" and it was so named on 11 April 1955. Choi founded the Oh Do Kwan, and held an honorary 4th dan ranking in the Chung Do Kwan.During the 1960s, Choi and Nam Tae Hi led the original masters of Taekwondo in promoting their martial art around the world, though these would be only the first of many such endeavors.
ITF taekwondo organizations credit Choi with starting the spread of Taekwondo internationally by stationing Korean Taekwondo Instructors around the world, and have consistently claimed that ITF-style Taekwondo is the only authentic style of Taekwondo, most notably in early sections of its textbooks. He was also the author of the first English Taekwondo syllabus book, Taekwon-Do, published by Daeha Publication Company in 1965. In 1972, Choi went into exile in Canada and the South Korean government formed the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) in 1973.He lived in Toronto until he returned to North Korea in 2000.
After the death of General Choi Hong Hi, many high ranked master claimed to be his successor. But we at MA Network are affiliated to the late Trần Triệu Quân largest and original ITF founded by General Choi association and without doubt we believe to be the highest standard. ITF's main functions are to coordinate and approve tournaments and seminars, set standards for teaching (patterns, sparring, destruction), collaborate with affiliated member organizations, and service members in regards to rank and certifications.
The upsurge in aggressive behaviour in today’s society,has led to a loss of the basic moral values that many people once shared. Analysts have noted that many people are misguided, left to search for their own values in a disillusioned society where of war, crime and corruption is common. General Choi Hong Hi believed through the philosophy of Taekwon-do that we could make the world a more peaceful place.In a time where much is corrupt it is hard for one to find their own way, to tell right from wrong, or to even resist temptation into doing that which believes is wrong.
The philosophy of Taekwon-do is summarized in the oath and the tenets.
I shall observe the tenets of Taekwon-Do.
All students must swear to carefully observe, acknowledge and live by each one of the Taekwon-do tenets. Here is a brief and basic explanation of each:
I shall respect the instructor and seniors.
A student vows to respect their instructors and those senior to them (both in age and rank). An instructor must also act respectfully to all students and persons in order to be respected and therefore not misusing Taekwon-Do.
I shall never misuse Taekwon-Do.
One will never misuse Taekwon-Do to harm other, for their own personal gain or for any other manner that is unjust (this one is particularly important in any martial art, not just Taekwon-Do, as a trained martial artist could easily kill a person in unarmed close combat).
I shall be a champion of freedom and justice.
The 4th line, “I shall be a champion of freedom and justice” can apply to many areas of life and although many may think one would have to do something amazing to achieve this, this part of the oath can be respected by even the littlest things in ones daily activity. If one becomes more open-minded to understanding others ideologies or the way others go about their lives instead of being quick to judge, then maybe the world would be a more understanding and accepting place. Thus allowing people to have the freedom they deserve. By accepting this belief one is bringing justice to this world and therefore being a champion of justice.As we often see, conflicts can occur over common misconceptions of information. One must understand the full story and have all the facts before he can truly make a proper judgement.
I shall build a more peaceful world.
The final line of the oath is “I shall build a more peaceful world”. One can also easily obtain this goal by going about their daily lives in a more peaceful manner. If everyone did this, the world would obviously become a more peaceful place.As we often see, conflicts can occur over common misconceptions of information. One must understand the full story and have all the facts before he can truly make a proper judgement. However, this does not mean a student cannot defend themselves against aggression directed towards themselves as that would defeat some of the purpose of Taekwondo, an art of unarmed self-defence. That does not mean though however a student can provoke aggression towards another individual, as that would breaking the oath.As we often see, conflicts can occur over common misconceptions of information. One must understand the full story and have all the facts before he can truly make a proper judgement.
There are five tenets defined in the ITF.
Courtesy (Ye Ui / 예의)
Showing courtesy to all, respecting others, having manners as well as maintaining the appropriate etiquette at all times, both within and outside the dojang (도장) (designated training area).
Integrity (Yom Chi / 염치)
Although it may be similar, this form of integrity takes on a more wider role then defined in the common dictionary. In Taekwondo, integrity means not only to determine what is right or wrong but also having the conscience to feel guilt if one has done wrong and to have the integrity stand up for what is right.
Perseverance (In Nae / 인내)
One will persevere time and time again until they have achieved a result which is adequate towards what one was trying to achieve.
Self-control (Guk Gi / 극기)
This means to not only have control over one's physical acts, but also their mental thoughts and actions.
Indomitable spirit (Baekjul Boolgool / 백절불굴)
To have indomitable spirit means to have the courage to stand up for what you believe in,no matter what odds you are up against, and to always give 100% effort in whatever you do.
World Taekwondo Federation WTF...
WTF Sport taekwondo was founded in 1973 and its main emphasis on speed and competition (as in Olympic sparring). Sport taekwondo derives from the Kukkiwon and the source of the sparring system sihap gyeorugi which is now an event at Olympic Games.
Since 2000, WTF Taekwondo has been one of only two Asian martial arts (the other being judo) that are included in the Olympic Games; it became a demonstration event starting with the 1988 games in Seoul, and became an official medal event starting with the 2000 games in Sydney. In 2010, Taekwondo was accepted as a Commonwealth Games sport.
Taekwondo is known for its emphasis on kicking techniques, which distinguishes it from martial arts such as karate or southern styles of kung fu. The rationale is that the leg is the longest and strongest weapon a martial artist has, and kicks thus have the greatest potential to execute powerful strikes without successful retaliation. Historically, the Koreans thought that the hands were too valuable to be used in combat.
Taekwondo as a martial art is popular with people of both genders and of many ages. Physically, Taekwondo develops strength, speed, balance, flexibility, and stamina. An example of the union of mental and physical discipline is the breaking of wooden boards, which requires both physical mastery of the technique and the concentration to focus one's power.
A taekwondo student typically wears a uniform (do-bok 도복), often white but sometimes black (or other colors), with a belt tied around the waist. The most obvious differences being in the style of jacket: the V-neck jacket (no cross-over) typically worn by all WTF practitioners,
One source has estimated that as of 2009, Taekwondo was practiced in 123 countries, with over 30 million practitioners and 3 million individuals with black belts throughout the world. The South Korean government in the same year published an estimate of 70 million practitioners in 190 countries.